Upcoming News

Language in Tripura

KOKBOROK or TRIPURI LANGUAGE

The mother tongue of Tripuri people is known as Kokborok or Tripuri. It is a Borok/Bodo group of Tibeto-Burman branch of Chinese origin. Literal meaning of 'Kokborok' is language of man . It was previously known as Tripuri Language, but Mr. Radhamohon Thakur had coined the term Kokborok for Tripuri language. Kokborok had no scripts of its own at present. It seems that the Kokborok had its scripts, but lost in the ocean of times as it is mentioned in the Rajmala that originally the Rajmala was written in Tripuri language . It had its written literary works since hundred years or so. Year 2000 had been observed as Centenary year of written form of Kokborok . The person who first pioneered the written form of Kokborok was presumed to be Mr. Radha Mohon Thakur. It was in in the year 1900 A.D. the first book of his Kokborokma was published in Bengali script . But before him in the year 1703 A.D., the biography of king Mohendra Manikyo should be considered to be the first written form of Kokborok with historical document . It was written by Durga Prasad Narayon. A Grammar in Kokborok, Kokborokma was composed by Daulat Ahmed and Mohammad Ummar in the year 1897 A.D.


About 1.5 million people speak in Kokborok language. This number may be more if proper evaluation and census is done in and arround Tripura state. The neighbouring country Bangladesh is also having about 3 lack Kokborok speaking people, while in Mizoram state also about 1 lack Kokborok speaking are people residing. The Kokborok language varies little in dialect from region to region, clan to clan and area to area as any other language of the world. This regional and clans variation is noticed in the form of pronunciation, tonation, uses, words, spellings etc. but the basic remains same. These difference in dialect, regional, clan variation have enriched the Tripuri language. The script debate has not yet been solved , where one section favors for the Bengali script and the others support for the Roman scripts. It is the second state language of Tripura. The Tripuris can study upto metric standard in their mother tongue the Kokborok. As a Language Subject it is taught up to Class twelve standard. Now in the Tripura university one year Diploma course had been started since two years. Earlier the debate of scripts would be settled faster the development of the Kokborok would be. Lots of literary work had been done in Kokborok, but still lots more needed to be done before being granted the national status under 8th schedule of the constitution of India .

The biography of Mohendro Manikyo written by Durga Prosad Narayon, the manuscript of which is supposedly preserved in Agartala Museum.
Apart from this the book written by Daulat Ahmed is considered as the first book written in Kokborok. List of the books written in Kokborok is given below, many of the books may be had from concerned publishers.

News papers that had been brought out time to time and which had enriched Kokborok language are listed below, some of them are continuing publications.

NO
NAME OF PUBLICATIONS
NAME OF EDITORS
1
Aitorma
Shyamlal Deboborma-1983
2
Chini Ha Probhat Chondro Ray -1948-51
3
Chini Kok ShyamaChoron Tripura1968-78
4
Hachukni Khorang Purno Chondro Debborma-1999
5
Hanikok Mrinal Debbarma
6
Hojwlai Debobroto Koloi
7
Koktun Ajoy Debborma & Surjo Riang-1958
8
Kwtal Kothoma Sudhonwa Debborma-1951
9
Lama Doshoroth Deb
10
Sachwlang TSF's mouth piece
11
Saknai Himadri Debborma-2000
12
Triha Gonga Manikya Debborma
13
Tripura Koktun Sudhonwa Debborma-1951
14
Tripura Koktun Shyamlal Deboborma-1983
15
Tripur Songhoti Ajit Bondhu Debborma-1962
16
Tripura Star Bijoy Rangkhol
17
Yapri Mohendro Debborma-1967

Some of the Kokborok Magazine that had been published in different time and duration had gain popularity in their respective time and helped to establish Kokborok as literary language are listed below. Some of them are still under publication.

NO NAME OF MAGAZINES NAME OF EDITORS
1
Aidorop Komolia Debborma-1985
2
Chati Chondrokanto Murasing-1987
3
Chethuwang BikashRai Debborma-1986-87
4
Chethuwang Binoy Debborma
5
Dangdu Nondo Kumar Debborma
6
Hachukni Khorang Chondrokanto Murasingh-1984
7
Hukumu Dorshiram Debborma1987-88
8
Jora Sunil Debborma-1983-84
9
Khakamung Budhrai Debborma-1989
10
Khumpui Govt. of Tripura
11
Khumulwng ADC, Govt.
12
Lama Nironjon Debborma
13
Pohor Kunju Bihari Debborma
14
Sichakha Radha Choron Debborma-1989
15
Singli Rajkumar Jomatia-1990
16
Yakhwrai Nitai Acharjee-1987-88

Tripuri folk songs are as old as the Tripuris. Kokborok was very rich in folk songs, even before the written form of songs, poem had been started. These songs were composed on old tradition, philosophy, thoughts, ideas, love, desires, jhum cultivation, Harvesting, festival, religious, desertion, hopes, despair, separation etc. many books had been written than thought by different Kokborok literary personalities. there are lots of books on the above subjects.