Tripuri Faiths and Philosophy
Origin of Hindu ReligionTripura has its own religious faith, belief and practices. It is one of the sect of Hinduism practiced in India. The religion of Tripuri people is the origin of Hinduism, it is still practiced in its pure form, in the Tantrik way. It has the faith on the supreme Almighty god which is called as Sibrai ir Subrai or Achu Subrai. he is none but the Shiva, or Mahadev. Then there are also Gods for wealth, for success, for well-being, for war and victory, for the ancestor, for the earth Mother, Water, Air, Sky etc. The Tripuris does not belief in the existence of god in inanimate objects which most of Scholars had described to the faiths of Tripuri people. that is why the Tripuri people do not worship the stone, rock, soil, tree, bamboo etc. but they worship the above mentioned gods by making symbol of god called "WATHOP" which is akin little similar to Christian Cross but two vertical pole, as seen in the Tripura Society's logo.
Some of the Gods that are worshipped by the Tripuri people are similar to those worshipped by the Hindu not by name but by there nature. For example the Mailuma is Goddess of Paddy and prosperity in Tripuri people, where as Laxmi is a similar goddess in the Hindu faith who is worshipped for paddy and prosperity. Similarly Twima is Goddess of Water among Tripuris where as Ganga is Goddess of water in Hinduism. The Hindu methods of philosophical investigation consist of the study of the Vedic evidence, reasoning and experiences. The last one, that is experience is emphasized by much by Hindu philosophers. in that matter any philosophy or way of life is based on one's own experience. A Tripuri way of life or philosophy is no exception to this. In a Tripuri way of life one may find less emphasis on reasoning and more on experiences. essentially religion is based largely on intuition and emotion, not always on purely rational attitude of mind or based on the scientific facts. It is often based and inspired by faith and belief rather than argument or reasoning. In the above context Tripuri faiths are akin similar to Hinduism so the scholars termed it a part Hindu. By analyzing the historical and prevailing practices one can come to the conclusion that Tripuri people had not adopted the Hindu god or goddess, on the contrary the Hinduism had adopted and glorified many of the Tripuri God Goddess. Because when the Indo-Aryan branch of Caucasoid race entered the Indian subcontinent they are supposed to have brought with them the faiths prevailing there which belief in one God only, where as Tripuri people from the beginning had faith in multiple gods and philosophy is based on many gods and goddess.
are nature worshiper like the people of the Vedic period. Different clans or
'dofa' of Tripuis have by and large a common faith and god and goddess.
Though there is little variation in procedure and preference of worship, like
the Tripuris of North district worship the god of mountain Longthorai. The
religious faith is mainly based on Mutai Chibrwi or the Fourteen Gods. Besides
there are other god and goddess, but the Mutai Chibrwi are given utmost
importance and significance.
The deity of 'mutai Chibrwi' are collectively worshipped during the Kharchi festival which is celebrated during the month of June-July on the eighth day of full moon on wards and continues for seven days. It is one of the most popular festival of Tripura. The fourteen gods are as follows:
Worship of Fourteen Gods (Kharchi)
kotor: Supreme super natural force, the creator of universe.
2. Mutai kotorma or Ama: Consort of Mutai Kotor.
3. Mailuma: Goddess of paddy and other crops.
4. Khuluma: Goddess of cotton and weaving knowledge.
5. Akhatra: God of Sea.
6. Bikhata: God of Sky.
7. Twima: Goddess of water and River.
8. Sangrong: God of Earth.
9. Goriya: God of war, wealth, prosperity.
10. Kaliya: The spirit of ancestors.
11. Noksuma: Goddess of the family.
12. Haichukma: Goddess of forest.
13. Lampra: God of bareness of woman.
14. Thumnairok: God of death.
Apart from the Kharchi festival, these god and goddess are worshiped separately and individually in different time, like Goria in the month of April and Mailuma in the month of Oct.-Nov. There are other gods like burasa, siri jadu, ker, nakri etc. which are also worshiped in the kharchi puja.
This festivals is one of the ancient religious festival of Tripuris. In the Royal House, Chontai, the Royal Priest used to perform the puja. During the puja Chontai has the Supreme power. In the village level the Ochai performs the Ker puja. The rules and the taboos of the Ker mutai is the most strict and static among all the worshipping procedure known to.
Ker in Royal Palace
The rules are as follows:
a) A diseased and the pregnant woman are prohibited to remain within the area
demarcated for the Ker.
b) The birth and death of a person have to be controlled with in the holy area of the Ker.
c) No person is allowed to enter or leave the Ker area till the worship is completed.
d) The area has to be maintained with peace and tranquility. The musical performance, dancing, un-necessary noise are absolutely prohibited so long as the puja is continued.
e) The use of turban, wearing of shoes, slipper etc. are also prohibited within the Ker jurisdiction.
f) The Ker area is demarcated at the entry point of the village, generally bamboo barrier is put at the entry point or bifurcation of road to indicate that the Ker is going on inside and tress passer will be punished.
This festival is celebrated during the month of Oct.-Nov. on full-moon night. Tripuris worship the goddess of crops, Mailuma in this occasion. In the evening when the full-moon rises in the sky the god-fearing Tripuris worships the Mailuma by offering different type of paddy products, fruits, sweets. The posad (offering) is there after shared by the members and guests. It is one of the most valued and largely celebrated festival of Tripuris similar to Dewali festival of North India. The Hojagiri Dance performed by the Riang clan (dofa) of Tripuri is very charming and breath holding thrilling to watch.
This is celebrated during the month of November-December, when the new crops is harvested in the family. It is celebrated with great fun and enthusiasm. Young and old alike enjoy in this festival. Young boys and girls participate in dance which is called Mamita dance.
It is celebrated in the month of January around 14th or 15th. It is said in the mythology that, this festival was first started on the death of mytholgical God of Tripuri people, Hangrai, elder brother of Dongrai. Since then the Tripuris go to Dumbur or other holy place like Sagar dwip, or the Gaya for the holy dip at these sites. In this festival they immerge the ash of their deceased members at Dumbur and pray for the peace of their departed near and dear one. Different types of delicious dishes, various types of rice, cakes, sweets and rice beer, are prepared and home made liquor are brewed, people go to relatives home on this day and they have grand fete togather.
BISU SENA : GORIA
Goria DeityThese festivals are celebrated during the month of April, which begins around 14th of the month and continues for seven days, bringing the culmination of the festival. In the Bisu, the domestic animals are worshiped, which marks the beginning of the Goria festival. The god baba Goria worshipped among the Jamatia clans needs to be mentioned. The Goria deity, which is made of gold is carried to the place where it is to be celebrated in that particular year. The place where the Goria Puja is to be held is determined by the Mohontos who decide the place by doing meditation. The Goria is worshipped at the community label by the Jamatia clans for seven days where as other clans of Tripuris worship at family label for one day only. The seventh day of the festivals is called Sena. The Puratias (Debbarma) and other clans generally worship the Goria on the last day of the festivals. A cock is offered to the Goria deity and sacrificed at the family label celebration, where as at the community celebration buffalos etc. are sacrificed.
The Goddess of mother land Tripura, is Tipra Ama or Tripureshwari. It is located in a hillock in the old capital of Tripura, Udaipur. It is considered that by her grace only the land of Tripura and its people can flourish and prosper. It is said that those who go back from visiting Tripura with out paying a homage to this temple will have to visit the state of Tripura again. The origin of the the temple as per the Rajmala, the chronicle of Tripura king goes this way, the deity of Tipra ama was abandoned in a island in southern parts of Tripura, which was once a part of Tripura kingdom, but it was not brought when it's capital was shifted to Udaipur. King Dhanya Manikya was shown in the dream by the Tripureshwari ama, to bring her back to Udaipur, and place her to a just newly built temple which he constructed for some other God. So the king had to comply and place deity in the present temple. The ama is worshipped every day, he-goat, buffalo, are sacrificed in large numbers every day. Once in a year from the new moon day of aswin or kartik months that is October-November month Ama is worshipped for fourteen days, that is from the Deewali day. Lakhs of devotees visit the temple during these days in Udaipur from different parts of Tripura and out side.